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You can find our Community Guidelines in full here. He soon attracted several Kikuyus and Wakambas, who became his disciples.

Subsequent settlements by Arab missionaries traveling to Malaysia and Indonesia helped strengthen Islam in the Philippines and each settlement was governed by a Datu , Rajah , and a Sultan.

Islamic provinces founded in the Philippines included the Sultanate of Maguindanao , Sultanate of Sulu , and other parts of the southern Philippines.

Modern missionary work in the United States has increased greatly in the last one hundred years, with much of the recent demographic growth driven by conversion.

Conversion to Islam in prisons , [29] and in large urban areas [30] has also contributed to Islam's growth over the years. Ain al-Yaqeen , a Saudi newspaper, reported in that Saudi funds may have contributed to building as many as 1, mosques and 2, other Islamic centers.

Missionaries belonging to the Ahmadiyya thought of Islam often study at International Islamic seminaries and educational institutions, known as Jamia Ahmadiyya.

Upon completion of their degrees, they are sent to various parts of the world including South America, Africa, North America, Europe, and the Far East as appointed by Mirza Masroor Ahmad , present head and Caliph of the worldwide Ahmadiyya Muslim community.

Jamia students may be appointed by the Caliph either as Missionaries of the community often called Murrabi, Imam, or Mawlana or as Qadis or Muftis of the Ahmadiyya Muslim community with a specialisation in matters of fiqh Islamic Jurisprudence.

Some Jamia alumni have also become Islamic historians such as the late Dost Muhammad Shahid, former Official Historian of the Ahmadiyya Muslim community, with a specialisation in tarikh Islamic historiography.

Missionaries stay with their careers as appointed by the Caliph for the rest of their lives, as per their commitment to the community.

During the Expedition of Al Raji in , [32] the Islamic Prophet Muhammad sent some men as missionaries to various different tribes. Some men came to Muhammad and requested that Muhammad send instructors to teach them Islam, [32] but the men were bribed by the two tribes of Khuzaymah who wanted revenge for the assassination of Khalid bin Sufyan Chief of the Banu Lahyan tribe by Muhammad's followers [33] 8 Muslim Missionaires were killed in this expedition.

Then during the Expedition of Bir Maona in July [35] Muhammad sent some Missionaries at request of some men from the Banu Amir tribe, [36] but the Muslims were again killed as revenge for the assassination of Khalid bin Sufyan by Muhammad's followers [33] 70 Muslims were killed during this expedition [36].

Jewish "Missionary Activity" a phrase not used within Judaism is often misunderstood by many. Judaism has never been a faith that seeks converts, because Judaism doesn't believe 'one must be Jewish to inherit everlasting life'.

Jewish theology of the afterlife, reincarnation, Kingdom Age, Messiah, hell, heaven and even sin- are all understood very differently than other faiths.

Judaism understands the one true God to currently have covenantal relationships with both Jew and non-Jews. The Laws of Noah are the Seven Laws given to Noah once he and the other humans and animals "were saved from the wrath of the flood".

This was in Biblical times , and contemporary Judaism remains clearly that missionary activities to convert The Nations to Judaism are taboo.

Historically, various Judaic sects and movements have been consistent on avoiding proselytization to convert Gentiles.

Today, Chabad Lubabvitch, a major player within Orthodox Judaism, has regained Jewish support for spreading The Covenant of Noah to All Nations with webpages geared to teaching Gentiles how to follow Noah, workshops led by Rabbis, and even opening actual congregations under The Noahide Covenant banner Noahidic Congregation of Toronto, for example.

Some Jewish people even carry little 'Evangelical-style' tracts with them to give away to Non-Jews who ask them about Judaism. Jewish religious groups encourage "Outreach" to Jews.

The outreach, or kiruv , movements encourage Jews to become more knowledgeable and observant of Jewish law. People who become more observant are known as baalei teshuva.

There are also many such organizations in the United States. There has been a singular, isolated movement to convert Catholics to Judaism in Peru.

Members of the very liberal American Reform movement began a program to convert to their liberal brand of Judaism the non-Jewish spouses of its intermarried members and non-Jews who have an interest in Reform Judaism.

Their rationale is that so many Jews were lost during the Holocaust that newcomers must be sought out and welcomed.

This approach has been repudiated by Orthodox and Conservative Jews [40] as unrealistic and posing a danger. They say that these efforts make Judaism seem an easy religion to join and observe when in reality being Jewish involves many difficulties and sacrifices.

The first Buddhist missionaries were called "Dharma Bhanaks", and some [ who? The Emperor Ashoka was a significant early Buddhist missioner.

In the 3rd century BCE, Dharmaraksita —among others—was sent out by emperor Ashoka to proselytize [ citation needed ] the Buddhist tradition through the Indian Maurya Empire , but also into the Mediterranean as far as Greece.

Gradually, all India and the neighboring island of Ceylon were converted. Buddhism was spread among the Turkic people during the 2nd and 3rd centuries BCE into modern-day Pakistan, Kashmir , Afghanistan , eastern and coastal Iran , Uzbekistan , Turkmenistan , and Tajikistan.

Dharmaraksa came to the Chinese capital of Luoyang in CE, where he made the first known translations of the Lotus Sutra and the Dasabhumika Sutra , which were to become some of the classic texts of Chinese Mahayana Buddhism.

His proselytizing is said to have converted many to Buddhism in China, and made Chang'an , present-day Xi'an , a major center of Buddhism. Buddhism expanded rapidly, especially among the common people, and by most of the people of northwest China were Buddhist.

Winning converts also among the rulers and scholars, by the end of the T'ang Dynasty Buddhism was found everywhere in China. Marananta brought Buddhism to the Korean Peninsula in the 4th century.

Seong of Baekje , known as a great patron of Buddhism in Korea , built many temples and welcomed priests bringing Buddhist texts directly from India.

In , Baekje officially adopted Buddhism as its state religion. He sent tribute missions to Liang in and , on the second occasion requesting artisans as well as various Buddhist works and a teacher.

According to Chinese records, all these requests were granted. A subsequent mission was sent in , only to find the Liang capital in the hands of the rebel Hou Jing , who threw them in prison for lamenting the fall of the capital.

He is credited with having sent a mission in to Japan that brought an image of Shakyamuni and several sutras to the Japanese court. This has traditionally been considered the official introduction of Buddhism to Japan.

First supported by the Soga clan, Buddhism rose over the objections of the pro-Shinto Mononobe [46] and Buddhism entrenched itself in Japan with the conversion of Prince Shotoku Taishi.

The use of missions, councils, and monastic institutions influenced the emergence of Christian missions and organizations, which developed similar structures in places that were formerly Buddhist missions.

Blavatsky and the Buddhist Society, London spread interest in Buddhism. Writers such as Hermann Hesse and Jack Kerouac , in the West, and the hippie generation of the late s and early s led to a re-discovery of Buddhism.

During the 20th and 21st centuries Buddhism has again been propagated by missionaries [ citation needed ] into the West such as the Dalai Lama and monks including Lama Surya Das Tibetan Buddhism.

Tibetan Buddhism has been significantly active and successful in the West since the Chinese takeover of Tibet in In Canada, the immense popularity and goodwill ushered in by Tibet 's Dalai Lama who has been made honorary Canadian citizen put Buddhism in a favourable light in the country.

Many non-Asian Canadians embraced Buddhism in various traditions and some have become leaders in their respective sanghas.

In the early s, the French Buddhist Union UBF, founded in estimated that there are , to , Buddhists in France, with , French converts among them. The Plum Village Monastery in the Dordogne in southern France was his residence and the headquarters of his international sangha.

This group has a relatively large centre where a teacher and some students live permanently. Perhaps the most widely visible Buddhist leader in the world is Tenzin Gyatso , the current Dalai Lama , who first visited the United States in He has attracted celebrity religious followers such as Richard Gere and Adam Yauch.

Thurman , now an academic supporter of the Dalai Lama. Lewis M. Hopfe in his "Religions of the World" suggested that "Buddhism is perhaps on the verge of another great missionary outreach" Hinduism was introduced into Java by travelers from India in ancient times.

When the early Javanese princes accepted Hinduism, they did not give up all of their early animistic beliefs—they simply combined the new ideas with them.

Several centuries ago, many Hindus left Java for Bali rather than convert to Islam. Hinduism has survived in Bali ever since.

He was an important promoter of the idea of moksha in Indonesia. He founded the Shaivite priesthood that is now ubiquitous in Bali, and is now regarded as the ancestor of all Shaivite pandits.

Historically, Hinduism has only recently had a large influence in western countries such as the United Kingdom, New Zealand, and Canada. Since the s, many westerners attracted by the world view presented in Asian religious systems have converted to Hinduism.

Paramahansa Yogananda , an Indian yogi and guru , introduced many westerners to the teachings of meditation and Kriya Yoga through his book, Autobiography of a Yogi.

Swami Vivekananda , the founder of the Ramakrishna Mission is one of the greatest Hindu missionaries to the West.

Sikhs have emigrated to countries all over the world, especially to English-speaking and East Asian nations. In doing so they have retained, to a high degree, their distinctive cultural and religious identity.

Sikhs are not ubiquitous worldwide in the way that adherents of larger world religions are, and they remain primarily an ethnic religion. However, they can be found in many international cities and have become an especially strong religious presence in the United Kingdom and Canada.

One morning, when he was twenty-eight, Guru Nanak Dev went as usual down to the river to bathe and meditate. It was said that he was gone for three days.

When he reappeared, it is said he was "filled with the spirit of God". His first words after his re-emergence were: "there is no Hindu, there is no Muslim".

With this secular principle he began his missionary work. Currently there are Gurdwaras in over 50 countries. K and abroad , engages in various activities: [65] [66] [67] [68].

Sikhs have emigrated to many countries of the world since Indian independence in Tenrikyo conducts missionary work in approximately forty countries.

According to Jaina tradition, Mahavira's following had swelled to 14, monks and 36, nuns by the time of his death in BC.

However, in the 4th century BCE, they gained strength and spread from Bihar to Orissa , then so South India and westwards to Gujarat and the Punjab , where Jain communities became firmly established, particularly among the mercantile classes.

Thereafter, the Jainas in the South and Central regions lost ground in face of rising Hindu devotional movements. Jainism retreated to the West and Northwest, which have remained its stronghold to the present.

Emperor Samprati is regarded as the "Jain Ashoka" for his patronage and efforts to spreading Jainism in east India. Samprati, according to Jain historians, is considered more powerful and famous than Ashoka himself.

Within three and a half years, he got one hundred and twenty-five thousand new temples built, thirty-six thousand repaired, twelve and a half million murtis, holy statues, consecrated and ninety-five thousand metal murtis prepared.

Samprati is said to have erected Jain temples throughout his empire. He founded Jain monasteries even in non-Aryan territory, and almost all ancient Jain temples or monuments of unknown origin are popularly attributed to him.

It may be noted that all the Jain monuments of Rajasthan and Gujarat, with unknown builders are also attributed to Emperor Samprati.

Virachand Gandhi — from Mahuva represented Jains at the first Parliament of the World's Religions in Chicago in and won a silver medal.

Gandhi was most likely the first Jain and the first Gujarati to travel to the United States, and his statue still stands at the Jain temple in Chicago.

In his time he was a world-famous personality. As Jain monks do not travel overseas, he recommended the bright young scholar Virchand Gandhi to be the emissary for the religion.

Today there are , Jains in the United States. Contact of missionaries with isolated tribes has been asserted as a contributory factor in the extinction of some tribes, such as extinction from infections and even simple diseases such as flu.

Missionary thinkers have recognised complicity between colonialism and missions during the colonial period, with roots in 'colonial paternalism'.

Some kinds of missionary activity have come under criticism, including concerns about a perceived lack of respect for other cultures.

The Huaorani people of Amazonian Ecuador have had a well-documented mixed relation with Evangelical Christian missionaries and the contacts they brought to their communities, criticized by outsiders.

A study by political scientist Robert Woodberry, focusing on Protestant missionaries, found that they have often left a very positive societal impact in the areas where they worked.

A study found that areas of colonial Mexico that had Mendicant missions have higher rates of literacy and educational attainment today than regions that did not have missions.

A study found that regions in Sub-Saharan Africa that Protestant missionaries brought printing presses to are today "associated with higher newspaper readership, trust, education, and political participation.

Missionaries have also made significant contributions to linguistics and the description and documentation of many languages.

More than anywhere else, our knowledge of the native languages in South America has been the product of missionary activity… Without missionary documentation the reclamation [of several languages] would have been completely impossible" [93] "A satisfactory history of linguistics cannot be written before the impressive contribution of missionaries is recognised.

In , Monika Zin, a German researcher of Buddhist art and achicitecture claimed that several Christian missionaries used translations of Jataka tales and Panchatanatra to claim that Jesus was Buddhist to advance their proselytyzation activities in Japan.

Media related to Missionaries at Wikimedia Commons. For other uses, see Missionary disambiguation. See also: Jesuit reduction.

Further information: Maryknoll. Main article: Islamic missionary activity. Main article: List of expeditions of Muhammad. This list is incomplete ; you can help by expanding it.

Catholic missions Christianity and colonialism Evangelism History of Christian missions Indigenous church mission theory Mission Christianity Missiology Missionary kid Missionary religious institutes and societies Religious conversion Short-term mission Timeline of Christian missions.

Retrieved on Journal of Religious and Political Practice. Book preview on Google Books. Retrieved August 15, Retrieved April 13, Retrieved 12 October C, Richard Norris: "Islam in the Balkans: religion and society between Europe and the Arab world" pp.

Text Book of Islam Book 1. Nairobi: The Islamic Foundation, p. Archived from the original on 15 May News and World Report.

Archived from the original on Retrieved Montgomery Muhammad at Medina. Oxford University Press. The common version, however, is that B.

Lihyan wanted to avenge the assassination of their chief at Muhammad's instigation, and bribed two clans of the tribe of Khuzaymah to say they wanted to become Muslims and ask Muhammad to send instructors.

Mosab Islamic Book Trust. Atlas of the Prophet's biography: places, nations, landmarks. Accessed 3 September See also endnote Philadelphia: J.

Lippincott Co. The Perennial Dictionary of World Religions. San Francisco: Harper Collins Reprint; originally pub. Archived from the original on 24 September Le bouddhisme en France.

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Log in. Cancel Delete comment. On a global front, these processes were often accelerated in the later s, in part accompanying political decolonization.

In some regions, however, they are still in course. Just as the Bishop of Rome had jurisdiction also in territories later considered to be in the Eastern sphere, so the missionary efforts of the two 9th-century saints Cyril and Methodius were largely conducted in relation to the West rather than the East, though the field of activity was central Europe.

This had lasting effects and in some sense is at the origin of the present relations of Constantinople with some sixteen Orthodox national churches including the Romanian Orthodox Church , the Georgian Orthodox and Apostolic Church , and the Ukrainian Orthodox Church both traditionally said to have been founded by the missionary Apostle Andrew , the Bulgarian Orthodox Church said to have been founded by the missionary Apostle Paul.

The Byzantines expanded their missionary work in Ukraine after the mass baptism in Kiev in The Serbian Orthodox Church had its origins in the conversion by Byzantine missionaries of the Serb tribes when they arrived in the Balkans in the 7th century.

Orthodox missionaries also worked successfully among the Estonians from the 10th to the 12th centuries, founding the Estonian Orthodox Church.

Under the Russian Empire of the 19th century, missionaries such as Nicholas Ilminsky — moved into the subject lands and propagated Orthodoxy, including through Belarus , Latvia , Moldova , Finland , Estonia , Ukraine , and China.

The Russian St. Nicholas of Japan — took Eastern Orthodoxy to Japan in the 19th century. The Russian Orthodox Church also sent missionaries to Alaska beginning in the 18th century, including Saint Herman of Alaska died , to minister to the Native Americans.

The Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia continued missionary work outside Russia after the Russian Revolution , resulting in the establishment of many new dioceses in the diaspora , from which numerous converts have been made in Eastern Europe, North America, and Oceania.

Early Protestant missionaries included John Eliot and contemporary ministers including John Cotton and Richard Bourne, who ministered to the Algonquin natives who lived in lands claimed by representatives of the Massachusetts Bay Colony in the early 17th century.

Quaker "publishers of truth" visited Boston and other midth century colonies, but were not always well received. The Danish government began the first organized Protestant mission work through its College of Missions , established in In , while on a visit in to Copenhagen for the coronation of his cousin King Christian VI , the Moravian Church 's patron Nicolas Ludwig, Count von Zinzendorf , was very struck by its effects, and particularly by two visiting Inuit children converted by Hans Egede.

He also got to know a slave from the Danish colony in the West Indies. Within thirty years, Moravian missionaries had become active on every continent, and this at a time when there were fewer than three hundred people in Herrnhut.

They are famous for their selfless work, living as slaves among the slaves and together with the Native Americans, the Delaware i.

Today, the work in the former mission provinces of the worldwide Moravian Church is carried on by native workers. The fastest-growing area of the work is in Tanzania in Eastern Africa.

As of [update] , seven of every ten Moravians live in a former mission field and belong to a race other than Caucasian. With a dramatic increase in efforts since the 20th century, and a strong push since the Lausanne I: The International Congress on World Evangelization in Switzerland in , [6] modern evangelical groups have focused efforts on sending missionaries to every ethnic group in the world.

While this effort has not been completed, increased attention has brought larger numbers of people distributing Bibles , Jesus videos , and establishing evangelical churches in more remote areas.

Internationally, the focus for many years in the later 20th century was on reaching every "people group" with Christianity by the year Bill Bright's leadership with Campus Crusade, the Southern Baptist International Mission Board , The Joshua Project, and others brought about the need to know who these " unreached people groups " are and how those wanting to tell about the Christian God and share a Christian Bible could reach them.

The focus for these organizations transitioned from a "country focus" to a "people group focus". From "What is a People Group?

Orville Boyd Jenkins: A "people group" is an ethnolinguistic group with a common self-identity that is shared by the various members. There are two parts to that word: ethno and linguistic.

Language is a primary and dominant identifying factor of a people group. But there are other factors that determine or are associated with ethnicity.

What can be viewed as a success by those inside and outside the church from this focus is a higher level of cooperation and friendliness among churches and denominations.

It is very common for those working on international fields to not only cooperate in efforts to share their gospel message , but view the work of their groups in a similar light.

Also, with the increased study and awareness of different people groups, western mission efforts have become far more sensitive to the cultural nuances of those they are going to and those they are working with in the effort.

Over the years, as indigenous churches have matured, the church of the Global South Africa, Asia, and Latin America has become the driving force in missions.

Korean and African missionaries can now be found all over the world. These missionaries represent a major shift in church history.

Another major shift in the form of modern missionary work takes shape in the conflation of spiritualism with contemporary military metaphors and practices.

Missionary work as spiritual warfare is the latest iteration in a long-standing relationship between Christian missions and militarization.

Despite the seeming opposition between the submissive and morally upstanding associations with prayer and dominating violence associated with militarism, these two spheres interact in a dialectical way—they are entangled to produce one another.

Nigeria, and other countries have had large numbers of their Christian adherents go to other countries and start churches.

These non-western missionaries often have unparalleled success; because, they need few western resources and comforts to sustain their livelihood while doing the work they have chosen among a new culture and people.

One of the first large-scale missionary endeavors of the British colonial age was the Baptist Missionary Society , founded in as the Particular Baptist Society for the Propagation of the Gospel Amongst the Heathen.

The London Missionary Society was an evangelical organisation, bringing together from its inception both Anglicans and Nonconformists ; it was founded in England in with missions in Africa and the islands of the South Pacific.

The Colonial Missionary Society was created in , and directed its efforts towards promoting Congregationalist forms of Christianity among "British or other European settlers" rather than indigenous peoples.

The Church Mission Society , first known as the Society for Missions to Africa and the East, was founded in by evangelical Anglicans centred around the anti-slavery activist William Wilberforce.

It bent its efforts to the Coptic Church , the Ethiopian Church , and India, especially Kerala ; it continues to this day.

Many of the network of churches they established became the Anglican Communion. Young men between the ages of eighteen and twenty-five are encouraged to prepare themselves to serve a two-year, self-funded, full-time proselytizing mission.

Young women who desire to serve as missionaries can serve starting at the age of nineteen, for one and a half years.

Retired couples also have the option of serving a mission. Missionaries typically spend two weeks in a Missionary Training Center or two to three months for those learning a new language where they study the scriptures, learn new languages when applicable, prepare themselves to teach the Gospel of Jesus Christ, and learn more about the culture and the people they live among.

The sending of missioners from the U. Church was seen as a sign of the U. Catholic Church finally coming of age. When two American Catholic priests from distinctly different backgrounds met in Montreal in , they discovered they had one thing in common.

Father James Anthony Walsh , a priest from the heart of Boston, and Father Thomas Frederick Price , the first native North Carolinian ordained into the priesthood, recognized that through their differences, they were touched by the triumph of the human spirit and enriched by encountering the faith experience of others.

This was the foundation of their mutual desire to build a seminary for the training of young American men for the foreign Missions.

Countering arguments that the Church needed workers here, Fathers Walsh and Price insisted the Church would not flourish until it sent missioners overseas.

With the approval of the American hierarchy, the two priests traveled to Rome in June to receive final approval from Pope Pius X for their project.

Dawah means to "invite" in Arabic, literally "calling" to Islam , which is the second largest religion with 1.

Initially, the spread of Islam came through the Dawah efforts of Muhammad and his followers. After his death in CE, much of the expansion of the empire came through conquest such as that of North Africa and later Spain Al-Andalus.

The Islamic conquest of Persia put an end to the Sassanid Empire and spread the reach of Islam to as far east as Khorasan , which would later become the cradle of Islamic civilization during the Islamic Golden Age CE and a stepping-stone towards the introduction of Islam to the Turkic tribes living in and bordering the area.

The missionary movement peaked during the Islamic Golden Age , with the expansion of foreign trade routes, primarily into the Indo-Pacific and as far south as the isle of Zanzibar as well as the Southeastern shores of Africa.

With the coming of the Sufism tradition, Islamic missionary activities increased. Later, the Seljuk Turks ' conquest of Anatolia made it easier for missionaries to go lands that formerly belonged to the Byzantine Empire.

In the earlier stages of the Ottoman Empire , a Turkic form of Shamanism was still widely practiced in Anatolia, but soon lost ground to Sufism.

During the Ottoman presence in the Balkans , missionary movements were taken up by people from aristocratic families hailing from the region, who had been educated in Constantinople or other major city within the Empire such as the famed madrassahs and kulliyes.

Primarily, individuals were sent back to the place of their origin and were appointed important positions in the local governing body. This approach often resulted in the building of mosques and local kulliyes for future generations to benefit from, as well as spreading the teachings of Islam.

The spread of Islam towards Central and West Africa had until the early 19th century has been consistent but slow.

Previously, the only connection was through Trans-Saharan trade routes. The Mali Empire , consisting predominantly of African and Berber tribes, stands as a strong example of the early Islamic conversion of the Sub-Saharan region.

The gateways prominently expanded to include the aforementioned trade routes through the Eastern shores of the African continent.

With the European colonization of Africa , missionaries were almost in competition with the European Christian missionaries operating in the colonies.

There is evidence of Arab Muslim traders entering Indonesia as early as the 8th century. Recently, Muslim groups have engaged in missionary work in Malawi.

Much of this is performed by the African Muslim Agency based in Angola. The Kuwait -sponsored AMA has translated the Qur'an into Chichewa Cinyanja , [18] one of the official languages of Malawi, and has engaged in other missionary work in the country.

All of the major cities in the country have mosques and there are several Islamic schools. The spread of Islam into West Africa, beginning with ancient Ghana in the 9th century, was mainly the result of the commercial activities of North African Muslims.

The empires of both Mali and Songhai that followed ancient Ghana in the Western Sudan adopted the religion.

Islam made its entry into the northern territories of modern Ghana around the 15th century. Mande speakers who in Ghana are known as Wangara traders and clerics carried the religion into the area.

The northeastern sector of the country was also influenced by an influx of Hausa Muslim traders from the 16th century onwards. Islamic influence first occurred in India in the early 7th century with the advent of Arab traders.

Trade relations have existed between Arabia and the Indian subcontinent from ancient times. Even in the pre-Islamic era , Arab traders used to visit the Malabar region , which linked them with the ports of Southeast Asia.

Rawlinson, in his book: Ancient and Medieval History of India claims the first Arab Muslims settled on the Indian coast in the last part of the 7th century.

The Arab merchants and traders became the carriers of the new religion, and they propagated it wherever they went. Islam in Bulgaria can be traced back to the mid-ninth century when there were Islamic missionaries in Bulgaria, evidenced by a letter from Pope Nicholas to Boris of Bulgaria calling for the extirpation of Saracens.

Pioneer Muslim missionaries to the Kenyan interior were largely Tanganyikan , who coupled their missionary work with trade, along the centres began along the railway line such as Kibwezi , Makindu , and Nairobi.

Reaching Nairobi at the close of the 19th century, he led a group of other Muslims, and enthusiastic missionaries from the coast to establish a "Swahili village" in present-day Pumwani.

A small mosque was built to serve as a starting point and he began preaching Islam in earnest. He soon attracted several Kikuyus and Wakambas, who became his disciples.

Subsequent settlements by Arab missionaries traveling to Malaysia and Indonesia helped strengthen Islam in the Philippines and each settlement was governed by a Datu , Rajah , and a Sultan.

Islamic provinces founded in the Philippines included the Sultanate of Maguindanao , Sultanate of Sulu , and other parts of the southern Philippines.

Modern missionary work in the United States has increased greatly in the last one hundred years, with much of the recent demographic growth driven by conversion.

Conversion to Islam in prisons , [29] and in large urban areas [30] has also contributed to Islam's growth over the years. Ain al-Yaqeen , a Saudi newspaper, reported in that Saudi funds may have contributed to building as many as 1, mosques and 2, other Islamic centers.

Missionaries belonging to the Ahmadiyya thought of Islam often study at International Islamic seminaries and educational institutions, known as Jamia Ahmadiyya.

Upon completion of their degrees, they are sent to various parts of the world including South America, Africa, North America, Europe, and the Far East as appointed by Mirza Masroor Ahmad , present head and Caliph of the worldwide Ahmadiyya Muslim community.

Jamia students may be appointed by the Caliph either as Missionaries of the community often called Murrabi, Imam, or Mawlana or as Qadis or Muftis of the Ahmadiyya Muslim community with a specialisation in matters of fiqh Islamic Jurisprudence.

Some Jamia alumni have also become Islamic historians such as the late Dost Muhammad Shahid, former Official Historian of the Ahmadiyya Muslim community, with a specialisation in tarikh Islamic historiography.

Missionaries stay with their careers as appointed by the Caliph for the rest of their lives, as per their commitment to the community.

During the Expedition of Al Raji in , [32] the Islamic Prophet Muhammad sent some men as missionaries to various different tribes.

Some men came to Muhammad and requested that Muhammad send instructors to teach them Islam, [32] but the men were bribed by the two tribes of Khuzaymah who wanted revenge for the assassination of Khalid bin Sufyan Chief of the Banu Lahyan tribe by Muhammad's followers [33] 8 Muslim Missionaires were killed in this expedition.

Then during the Expedition of Bir Maona in July [35] Muhammad sent some Missionaries at request of some men from the Banu Amir tribe, [36] but the Muslims were again killed as revenge for the assassination of Khalid bin Sufyan by Muhammad's followers [33] 70 Muslims were killed during this expedition [36].

Jewish "Missionary Activity" a phrase not used within Judaism is often misunderstood by many. Judaism has never been a faith that seeks converts, because Judaism doesn't believe 'one must be Jewish to inherit everlasting life'.

Jewish theology of the afterlife, reincarnation, Kingdom Age, Messiah, hell, heaven and even sin- are all understood very differently than other faiths.

Judaism understands the one true God to currently have covenantal relationships with both Jew and non-Jews.

The Laws of Noah are the Seven Laws given to Noah once he and the other humans and animals "were saved from the wrath of the flood".

This was in Biblical times , and contemporary Judaism remains clearly that missionary activities to convert The Nations to Judaism are taboo.

Historically, various Judaic sects and movements have been consistent on avoiding proselytization to convert Gentiles. Today, Chabad Lubabvitch, a major player within Orthodox Judaism, has regained Jewish support for spreading The Covenant of Noah to All Nations with webpages geared to teaching Gentiles how to follow Noah, workshops led by Rabbis, and even opening actual congregations under The Noahide Covenant banner Noahidic Congregation of Toronto, for example.

Some Jewish people even carry little 'Evangelical-style' tracts with them to give away to Non-Jews who ask them about Judaism.

Jewish religious groups encourage "Outreach" to Jews. The outreach, or kiruv , movements encourage Jews to become more knowledgeable and observant of Jewish law.

People who become more observant are known as baalei teshuva. There are also many such organizations in the United States.

There has been a singular, isolated movement to convert Catholics to Judaism in Peru. Members of the very liberal American Reform movement began a program to convert to their liberal brand of Judaism the non-Jewish spouses of its intermarried members and non-Jews who have an interest in Reform Judaism.

Their rationale is that so many Jews were lost during the Holocaust that newcomers must be sought out and welcomed. This approach has been repudiated by Orthodox and Conservative Jews [40] as unrealistic and posing a danger.

They say that these efforts make Judaism seem an easy religion to join and observe when in reality being Jewish involves many difficulties and sacrifices.

The first Buddhist missionaries were called "Dharma Bhanaks", and some [ who? The Emperor Ashoka was a significant early Buddhist missioner. In the 3rd century BCE, Dharmaraksita —among others—was sent out by emperor Ashoka to proselytize [ citation needed ] the Buddhist tradition through the Indian Maurya Empire , but also into the Mediterranean as far as Greece.

Gradually, all India and the neighboring island of Ceylon were converted. Buddhism was spread among the Turkic people during the 2nd and 3rd centuries BCE into modern-day Pakistan, Kashmir , Afghanistan , eastern and coastal Iran , Uzbekistan , Turkmenistan , and Tajikistan.

Dharmaraksa came to the Chinese capital of Luoyang in CE, where he made the first known translations of the Lotus Sutra and the Dasabhumika Sutra , which were to become some of the classic texts of Chinese Mahayana Buddhism.

His proselytizing is said to have converted many to Buddhism in China, and made Chang'an , present-day Xi'an , a major center of Buddhism.

Buddhism expanded rapidly, especially among the common people, and by most of the people of northwest China were Buddhist. Winning converts also among the rulers and scholars, by the end of the T'ang Dynasty Buddhism was found everywhere in China.

Marananta brought Buddhism to the Korean Peninsula in the 4th century. Seong of Baekje , known as a great patron of Buddhism in Korea , built many temples and welcomed priests bringing Buddhist texts directly from India.

In , Baekje officially adopted Buddhism as its state religion. He sent tribute missions to Liang in and , on the second occasion requesting artisans as well as various Buddhist works and a teacher.

According to Chinese records, all these requests were granted. A subsequent mission was sent in , only to find the Liang capital in the hands of the rebel Hou Jing , who threw them in prison for lamenting the fall of the capital.

He is credited with having sent a mission in to Japan that brought an image of Shakyamuni and several sutras to the Japanese court.

This has traditionally been considered the official introduction of Buddhism to Japan. First supported by the Soga clan, Buddhism rose over the objections of the pro-Shinto Mononobe [46] and Buddhism entrenched itself in Japan with the conversion of Prince Shotoku Taishi.

The use of missions, councils, and monastic institutions influenced the emergence of Christian missions and organizations, which developed similar structures in places that were formerly Buddhist missions.

Blavatsky and the Buddhist Society, London spread interest in Buddhism. Writers such as Hermann Hesse and Jack Kerouac , in the West, and the hippie generation of the late s and early s led to a re-discovery of Buddhism.

During the 20th and 21st centuries Buddhism has again been propagated by missionaries [ citation needed ] into the West such as the Dalai Lama and monks including Lama Surya Das Tibetan Buddhism.

Tibetan Buddhism has been significantly active and successful in the West since the Chinese takeover of Tibet in In Canada, the immense popularity and goodwill ushered in by Tibet 's Dalai Lama who has been made honorary Canadian citizen put Buddhism in a favourable light in the country.

Missionary Latina

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